September 19, 2023

author

Rohit Rawat

Author

The lifeline of any business often lies in the software that powers it. Even if your innovative solution is poised to redefine an industry, there is a challenge - ensuring this software can weather any storm, deliver flawless experiences, and scale seamlessly.

That’s why we’re thrilled to present to you our “Ultimate Guide to Software Automation Testing”. It’s a blueprint designed to empower business leaders like you, equipping you with the insights and tools needed to navigate evolving technological requirements.

This guide isn’t just about the code. It’s about creating a fortress for your digital ambitions. It’s about ensuring that every line of code stands strong, delivering excellence in every interaction.

We have already created a detailed blog on what automation testing is and what the benefits of automation testing are. 

So we are going to go one step ahead in this one.

Here, we will uncover the strategies of software testing that separate the good from the great.

We'll unbox a toolkit of resources and introduce time-tested practices that stand the test of code.

Most importantly, we will equip you with the prowess to elevate software quality, accelerate delivery, and fortify operational efficiency.

So let’s get started.

Test Automation Strategy for Effective Software Testing

Strategies-for-Effective-Automation-Testing

There's no one-size-fits-all test automation strategy. It's about finding the right fit for your specific needs. Here, we'll walk you through six top automation testing strategies that you need to know.

Choosing the Right Tests for Automation

Let's discuss the crucial task of choosing the right tests for automation. As a business owner, you'll want to be strategic in this process. Here are some key criteria to consider:

Frequency of Execution

First, think about the frequency of execution. Tests that you need to run frequently, like those for core functionalities, are prime candidates for automation. For instance, if you run an e-commerce platform, tests ensuring smooth checkout processes are crucial and benefit from automation.

Complexity of the Test

Next, consider the complexity of the test. Highly intricate tests, which involve multiple scenarios and data sets, often yield higher ROI from automation. For example, in a healthcare platform, you can automate tests validating intricate treatment recommendation algorithms.

Stability

Tests that are less likely to change over time are excellent choices for automation. Think about features that have matured and won't undergo frequent modifications. For instance, if you're managing a project management tool, tests for basic task creation and assignment are relatively stable.

Balancing Manual and Automated Testing

This is the trickier part. While automation provides efficiency, some tests, like exploratory or ad-hoc testing, are better suited for manual handling. These involve creative, unscripted scenarios where human intuition shines. So, you'll want to strike a balance based on the nature of the test and your team's strengths.

For instance, we reduced the overall manual testing time by a whopping 80% with each release for a client. That was possible with an automated script that we created. However, that didn’t mean we entirely abandoned manual testing. We used it wherever it was applicable, and it gave us tremendous results.

Remember, it's not about replacing manual testing entirely, but rather about using automation strategically to maximize efficiency and effectiveness. By considering these criteria, you can ensure that your testing efforts are streamlined and focused for optimal results.

There are certain scenarios where it is feasible to use a combination of manual and automation testing. That is bound to give you remarkable results.

Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment (CI/CD) Testing

This is a game-changing QA strategy, especially in fast-paced development environments. CI/CD testing is all about automating the process of integrating code changes, testing them, and then deploying them to production, all in a seamless pipeline.

For example, if you own a cloud-based collaboration tool, with CI/CD testing, every time your development team makes a change, they automatically integrate with the existing codebase. Then, they can run a series of tests to ensure that this new code doesn't break anything.

If all tests pass, the changes are deployed to the live platform, all without any manual intervention.

Speed

One major benefit here is speed. Since every change is automatically tested and deployed, you can release updates much faster. This means you can respond to user feedback and market trends swiftly.

Reliability

CI/CD testing enhances reliability. By automating the testing and deployment process, you reduce the chance of human error. This ensures that your software is consistently stable and dependable.

Now, implementing CI/CD Testing requires setting up the right tools and workflows. This might involve integrating testing suites, version control systems, and deployment scripts. It's an investment that pays off in terms of faster, more reliable software releases.

Code-Driven Testing

Code-driven testing involves creating scripts or code to automate the testing process. This means you're essentially instructing the software to carry out various tests automatically. That makes code-driven testing an essential part of the test automation strategy.

For example, imagine you own a subscription-based service. With code-driven testing, you can create scripts to automatically simulate the sign-up process for different plans. This ensures it works flawlessly every time. This not only saves time but also guarantees consistency in testing.

Repeatability

One significant advantage of code-driven testing is repeatability. Once you've written the code, you can use it to perform the same tests as many times as needed. This is particularly crucial for regression testing, where you want to ensure that new updates don't break existing functionalities.

Comprehensive Test Coverage

Code-driven testing also allows for comprehensive test coverage. You can design scripts to cover various scenarios, edge cases, and user interactions. That ensures your software is thoroughly examined.

Data-Driven Testing

Data-driven testing is a powerful automation test strategy for thorough and efficient software testing.

It is all about testing your software with different sets of data. Instead of running the same test with one set of inputs, you run it multiple times with various data points. It's like trying out different scenarios to make sure your software handles them all seamlessly.

Let’s suppose you own a weather app. With data-driven testing, you can test how your app handles different locations, dates, and weather conditions. For instance, you can automate tests to check if the app accurately displays temperatures for various cities around the world.

Covers Many Scenarios

One of the key advantages of data-driven testing is the ability to validate a wide range of scenarios without writing a separate test for each one. This means you can ensure that your software is robust and reliable under various conditions.

Powerful for Regression Testing

When you make updates or add new features, data-driven testing allows you to quickly validate that existing functionalities still work with different sets of data.

However, it's worth noting that setting up Data-Driven Tests requires a structured approach. You'll need to organize your test cases and data sets effectively. This might involve using specialized testing frameworks or tools.

Keyword-Driven Testing

Keyword-driven testing is a method that empowers efficient and organized software testing.

It has a set of predefined instructions that guide the testing process. Each instruction, or 'keyword', represents a specific action or validation that needs to be performed. That’s why it is a crucial part of the test automation strategy.

Let’s take the example of the online banking platform. With keyword-driven testing, you can create a set of keywords like 'Login', 'Transfer Funds', and 'Check Balance'. These keywords represent common actions users perform. Now, you can use these keywords to quickly create and execute test cases. For instance, you can use the 'Transfer Funds' keyword to automate tests for transferring money between accounts.

Modularity

You can create a library of keywords that you can use across different tests. This means you don't have to reinvent the wheel for every new test case.

Simplifies Maintenance

It simplifies maintenance. If a certain functionality changes, you only need to update the corresponding keyword, and it automatically reflects in all the tests that use it.

However, setting up keyword-driven tests requires careful planning. You need to define a clear set of keywords and their corresponding actions. This QA strategy might involve collaboration between testers, developers, and business stakeholders. 

Best Practices to Implement Your Test Automation Strategy

Best-Practices-for-Software-Automation-Testing

Maintainability and Scalability

Imagine you’re constructing a skyscraper. You’d want a strong foundation, right? Just like a well-constructed building stands the test of time, well-structured code will serve you well in the long run.

Writing maintainable and scalable automation code ensures that as your tests grow, they remain efficient and easy to manage.

In an e-commerce site, as you add new features, your tests would need to adapt. Well-maintained code makes this process seamless, ensuring every user action, like click, form submission, and purchase is thoroughly tested, no matter how much your site evolves.

Test Data Management

Test data management in software automation testing ensures that your tests have access to the right information. Having all the data neatly organized and accessible makes the testing process smooth and efficient. Strategies for handling test data and data-driven testing practices ensure that your tests cover a wide range of scenarios.

If you’re managing a healthcare app, you’d want to test different patient scenarios - from basic check-ups to complex treatments. Well-organized test data allows you to efficiently simulate these scenarios, ensuring that your app handles various patient cases flawlessly.

Cross-Browser and Cross-Platform Testing

Who doesn’t want to make sure their product works seamlessly no matter where it’s used? Therefore, your test automation strategy must include compatibility across different browsers and platforms. That guarantees that your application provides a consistent experience to users.

For a booking platform, you’d want users to have the same smooth experience whether they’re booking on a laptop using Chrome or on a tablet using Safari. Cross-browser and cross-platform testing ensures that your platform delivers a seamless experience, regardless of the user’s devices.

Error Handling and Reporting

Think about this - if there’s an issue in your tests, you’d want to know exactly where and how it happened, right? Effective error-handling mechanisms act like alarms, alerting you when something goes wrong.

Generating comprehensive test reports provides you with valuable insights into what went wrong, allowing you to address issues promptly.

Consider you’re running a banking application. If a transaction fails, you’d want to know precisely why. Effective error handling and detailed reports help you identify the exact point of failure. This ensures that transactions are processed accurately every time.

By following these best practices, you're setting up your testing process for success. Remember, investing in these practices now saves you time and resources in the long run, ensuring your applications are always in top form.

is ensures that accessibility is a fundamental consideration throughout the development process.

Build Your Test Automation Strategy With Narola Infotech

You've explored the fundamentals of crafting a robust test automation strategy and discovered best practices for its seamless implementation. Now, it's time to transform theory into reality and witness the transformative power of automated testing for your software development lifecycle.

But navigating the complexities of building and implementing an effective test automation strategy can be daunting. This is where Narola Infotech, your trusted software testing partner, steps in.

We offer a comprehensive suite of software testing services that helps you use the full potential of automated testing for your software success. 

Contact us today for a free consultation and let's embark on your test automation journey together.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

See the answers to some of our most commonly asked questions below.

Automation testing leads to higher software quality, reduced manual testing efforts, and faster release cycles. This translates to improved customer satisfaction, cost savings, and a competitive edge in the market.

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