Although Java is one of the most commonly used programming languages, it still has security vulnerabilities. That is why, along with writing great code, developers must also focus on Java security. Otherwise, there is no use in making a great app, only for it to be vulnerable to hackers.
In this article, we will discuss best practices for preventing Java security issues.
Best Java Security Practices
Using Query Parameterization to Prevent Injection
SQL injection is one of the top vulnerabilities in Java applications. During SQL injection in Java, the developers carelessly add parameters of a SQL query to the static component of the query. Hackers can exploit this vulnerability to gain unauthorized access to sensitive data.
To avoid these kinds of Java security issues, developers should use a prepared statement to parameterize the queries. This should be the only method of creating database queries. The code is simple to comprehend by specifying the entire SQL code and then supplying the arguments to the query later.
Most significantly, hackers cannot corrupt the query with dangerous input since the SQL code and parameter data remain separated.
Scanning the Application for Vulnerabilities
You may not be aware of how many direct dependencies your app has. Also, there might be open dependencies your app utilizes. Attackers are increasingly focusing on open-source dependencies. That is one of the most common Java security issues.
That is because the reuse of open-source dependencies offers hackers many victims. Therefore, it’s critical to check that your application’s whole dependency tree is free of known Java security flaws.
You must hire Java developers who can examine your application’s build data. They must also identify any dependencies that are known to be vulnerable. Finally, it generates a list of Java security vulnerabilities in the packages you’re using as a dashboard in your application.
Careful with Sensitive Data
It’s risky to expose your client’s sensitive information. It might be dangerous for them but it will definitely damage your brand. That is why you must employ a verified Java application development services provider.
Therefore, you must examine the architecture of your application to evaluate whether the data is genuinely required. Also, be sure you’re not exposing any critical information.
If you need to transfer sensitive information to other services, encrypt it appropriately. To do this you can use Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) to safeguard your connection.
Cleaning Input Data
Always put untrusted data only in approved areas to avoid XSS. The most basic remedy to this Java security issue is to prevent utilizing untrusted data as much as possible.
Developers can use the Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) Java encoding library to sanitize the incoming data. This is one of the most useful Java software development services. Sometimes developers fail to sanitize the path of zipped files.
This causes several libraries to have a Zip-slip vulnerability. Hackers can extract the zip files and overwrite other files. Although this is not an XSS attack, it demonstrates the need of sanitizing all input. Every input has the potential to be harmful. That is why your Java web application development company should sanitize it.
Using Strong Encryption
If you need to keep sensitive information on your system, you must ensure that it is encrypted properly. Firstly, you must decide whether you want symmetric or asymmetric encryption. You must also decide how secure it should be. Stronger encryption takes longer and uses more CPU power.
The most significant aspect is that you don’t need to implement the encryption methods yourself. Encryption is difficult, but a trustworthy library can solve it for you. The Java website development agency that you hire must know how to implement it.
For example, if you wish to encrypt credit card information, you’ll have to use a symmetric technique. That is because you need to be able to recover the original number. There’s no need to go into low-level Java cryptography to encrypt and decrypt. You can choose a library that will do all the work for you.
Since you don’t need to retrieve the original passwords, it’s safe to employ a powerful cryptographic hashing technique for passwords. This is one of the other Java website development services that you will find beneficial.
What is considered a strong encryption algorithm now may be considered a weak algorithm in the future. As a result, developers should check the encryption frequently. For this, they must use validated security libraries and keep them updated.
Implementing safety practices is the best way to make sure that hackers don’t harm your app. However, you need a reputable Java development company to apply them effectively. Our developers have worked with Java long enough to understand every known vulnerability. Contact us today if you want to make a secure and functional Java app.